Subscriber Login

Features

Kuala Lumpur MRT, Malaysia: Development on a fast pace [free access]

July 1, 2016

Kuala Lumpur’s mass rapid transit (MRT) line is nearing completion and set to begin operations in December 2016. The MRT project, also known as the Klang Valley MRT project, was launched in 2001 as a crucial component of the Greater Kuala Lumpur/Klang Valley National Key Economic Area and is the largest infrastructure project in the country. It is expected to increase the modal share of public transport in the region to 40 per cent by 2020, up from the current 17 per cent.

 

Currently, the city’s rail-based transit system comprises two light rail transit (LRT) lines, one monorail line, commuter rail KTM Komuter and an airport rail link. The upcoming MRT system is planned to be integrated with the existing rail and bus systems.

 

Box 1 provides the background on Kuala Lumpur.

 

Box 1: Background on Kuala Lumpur

 

Kuala Lumpur is the capital city of Malaysia and is ranked the second most competitive global city in Southeast Asia by the Economist Intelligence Unit. The city is a centre for the finance, insurance, real estate and media industries. It is the country’s most populous city, with a population of 1.7 million (2014) residing in an area of 243 square km. The population is estimated to increase to 2.2 million by 2020.  

Greater Kuala Lumpur (also known as the Klang Valley) contributes 30 per cent of the national gross domestic product (GDP). It spans 2,793 square km and has a population of 7.2 million, which is expected to increase to 10 million by 2020.

Source: Global Mass Transit Research

 

Key players

 

Supervising agency: Land Public Transport Commission/ Suruhanjaya Pengangkutan Awam Darat (SPAD) plans, regulates and enforces all matters related to land public transport in Peninsular Malaysia. It is the supervising agency for the MRT project.

 

Developer: MASS Rapid Transit Corporation Sdn Bhd (MRT Corp) was set up in 2011 to develop and own the assets of the MRT system. It is fully owned by the Minister of Finance Incorporated.

 

MRT Corp is responsible for the procurement process, award of contracts, monitoring construction, dispute resolution, schedule adherence as well as compliance with health, safety, security and environmental requirements. t directly manages the work package contractors for the underground works.

 

Project delivery partner (PDP): MMC-Gamuda KVMRT (PDP) Sdn Bhd, a joint venture of MMC Corporation Berhad and Gamuda Berhad, is the PDP for the two MRT lines. It became the PDP for Line MRT-2 in July 2015. It is responsible for procurement management (except for underground works), quality and performance supervision, and local authority approval.

 

Operator: Prasarana Malaysia Bhd’s subsidiary Rapid Rail Sdn Bhd will operate the MRT system for 10 years with an option for extension by five years. Rapid Rail will retain the fare revenues.

 

Design consultant: In July 2015, Arup was appointed as reference design consultant for the underground section of Line MRT-2.

 

Planned network

 

The upcoming metrorail transit (MRT) system comprises three lines, which will together span 103.2 km and cover 68 stations. Of this, the underground part will have length of 23 km and cover 18 stations. The investment requirement is estimated to be MYR51 billion. Table 1 provides details of the upcoming lines.

 

Table 1: Planned MRT network

Line

Length

No. of stations

Route

Estimated investment (MYR billion)

Expected start of operations

MRT-1 Line

51 km (9.5 km underground, 41.5 km elevated)

31 (7 underground, 24 elevated)

- Sungai Buloh–Kajang

- Phase I: Sungai Buloh–Semantan

- Phase II: Semantan–Kajang

23

December 2016 (Phase I), July 2017 (phase II)

MRT-2 Line

52.2 km (13.5 km underground, 38.7 km elevated)

37 stations (11 underground, 25 elevated and 1 at-grade)

- Sungai Buloh–Serdang–Putrajaya (Underground between Jalan Ipoh and Kuchai Lama)

- Phase I: Sungai Buloh-Kampung Batu

- Phase II: Kampung Batu-Putrahaya Sentral

28

July 2021 (Phase I), July 2022 (Phase II)

MRT-3 Line*

NA

NA

- Circular line

NA

NA

Total

103.2 km (23 km underground, 80.2 km elevated)

68 (18 underground, 49 elevated, 1 at-grade)

-

51

-

Note: * - Line currently at the planning stage; The integrated rail map for Greater Kuala Lumpur is available at http://www.mymrt.com.my/en/sbk/klang-valley-integrated-rail-map

Source: MRT Corp

 

Line MRT-1 is 78 per cent completed and all civil works contracts have been awarded. As of February 2016, 84 work packages of total value MYR22 billion had been awarded.

 

MMC Gamuda KVMRT (T) Sdn Bhd secured the MYR8.2-billion tunnelling contract for Line MRT-1 following the Swiss Challenge method of procurement. The underground stations will be at Muzium Negara, Pasar Seni, Merdeka, Bukit Bintang, Tun Razak Exchange, Cochrane and Maluri. MMC-Gamuda procured 10 tunnel boring machines (TBMs), including two earth pressure balance (EPB) machines from China-based CREG as well as two EPB TBMs and six variable density slurry TBMs from Germany-based Herrenknecht.

 

MMC Gamuda KVMRT (T) Sdn Bhd is also the main contractor for the MRT-2 Line project.

 

Of the 31 stations on Line MRT-1, 16 stations will be equipped with park-and-ride facilities. These are Sungai Buloh, Kota Damansara, Taman Industri Sungai Buloh, Taman Tun Dr Ismail, Seksyen 16, Pusat Bandar Damansara, Maluri, Taman Bukit Mewah, Plaza Phoenix, Taman Suntex, Taman Cuepacs, Bandar Tun Hussein Onn, Taman Koperasi, Saujana Impian and Kajang.

 

Table 2 indicates key civil contracts awarded for Line MRT-1.

 

Table 2: Key civil contractors for Line MRT-1

Contractor

Date of contract

Project area

Underground works

MMC Gamuda KVMRT (T) Sdn Bhd

March 2012

Section from Semantan north portal to Maluri south portal

Guideway (Viaduct) works

IJM Construction Sdn Bhd

February 2012

Section from Maluri portal to Plaza Phoenix station

Ahmad Zaki Sdn Bhd

February 2012

Section from Plaza Phoenix station to Bandar Tun Hussein Onn station

Syarikat Muhibah & Perniagaan & Pembinaan Sdn Bhd

May 2012

Section from Sungai Buloh to Kota Damansara station

Sunway Construction Sdn Bhd

May 2012

Section from Section 17 to Semantan Portal

MTD Construction Sdn Bhd

May 2012

Section from Bandar Tun Hussein Onn to Taman Mesra

Gadang Engineering (M) Sdn Bhd

July 2012

Section from Kota Damansara to Dataran Sunway station

Mudajaya Corporation Berhad

July 2012

Section from Dataran Sunway to Section 17

UEM Construction Sdn Bhd

September 2012

Section from Taman Mesra to Kajang station

Elevated stations 

IJM Construction Sdn Bhd 

July 2012

Taman Bukit Ria, Taman Bukit Mewah, Leisure Mall and Plaza Phoenix

Trans Resources Corporation Sdn Bhd

August 2012

Sungai Buloh, Kg. Baru Sungai Buloh and Kota Damansara

Ahmad Zaki Sdn Bhd

August 2012

Taman Suntex, Taman Cuepacs and Bandar Tun Hussein Onn 

Apex Communication Sdn Bhd

August/October 2012

Balakong, Taman Koperasi, Saujana Impian, Bandar Kajang and Kajang  

Naim Engineering Sdn Bhd

October 2012

Taman Industrial Sungai Buloh, PJU 5, Dataran Sunway, Section 16, Bandar Damansara and Semantan

UEM Construction Sdn Bhd

October 2012

Curve, One Utama and Tamn Tun Dr Ismail

Depots

Trans Resources Corporation Sdn Bhd

May 2012

Sungai Buloh maintenance depot

TSR Bina Sdn Bhd

July 2012

Kajang Maintenance depot

Multi-storey car parks

TSR Bina Sdn Bhd

July 2012

Sungai Buloh station

SMPP-Ibwani JV

March 2013

Kajang station

Perkasa Sutera Sdn Bhd

June 2014

Taman Bukit Mewah station 

RD Resources Sdn Bhd

June 2014

Saujana Impian station

Innoseven Sdn Bhd

June 2014

Taman Koperasi station

Budaya Restu Sdn Bhd

June 2014

Section 16 station

Notes: JV – joint venture

Source: MRT Corp

 

Service on Line MRT-1 will be from 6 a.m. till midnight. The average travel time from Sungai Buloh or Kajang to KL Sentral is expected to be 30 minutes.

 

The construction contracts awarded for Line MRT-2 are listed in Table 3. Tenders for other civil works are yet to be launched. A total of 66 work packages have been planned. Construction is yet to begin.

 

Table 3: Construction contracts for Line MRT-2

Contractor

Contract value (MYR million)

Scope of work

Award month and year

IJM Construction

1,470

Construction of a 4.6-km viaduct from Jinjang to Jalan Ipoh North Portal

May 2016

Malaysian Resources Corporation

648

Construction of a 2.6-km viaduct from Persiaran APEC to Purajaya Sentral

May 2016

MMC Gamuda KVMRT (T) Sdn Bhd

15,470

Design and construction of tunnels, underground stations, and associated structures such as portals and escape shafts for the 13.5-km underground alignment from Jalan Ipoh North Escape shaft to the Desa Waterpark South Portal

March 2016

Ahmad Zaki Sdn Bhd

1,440

Construction of the viaduct guideway and other associated works for a 4.5-km stretch from Persiaran Dagang to Jinjang

March 2016

Sunway Construction Sdn Bhd

1,210

Construction of the viaduct guideway and other associated works for a 4.9-km stretch from Sungai Buloh to Persiaran Dagang

March 2016

SPC Industries Sdn Bhd

199

Supply and delivery of segmented box girders for viaduct work packages V201 to V205

March 2016

Acre Works Sdn Bhd

170

Supply and delivery of segmented box girders for viaduct work packages V206 to V210

March 2016

Source: MRT Corp

 

Table 4 provides a list of upcoming tender opportunities for Line MRT-2.

 

Table 4: Upcoming tenders for Line MRT-2

Tender – description of work

Timeline for launch

Construction of viaduct guideway and other associated works from UPM station to Taman Universiti (Prov.) station

Q3 2016

Construction of viaduct guideway and other associated works from Sungai Besi station to Serdang Raya (North) station

Q3 2016

Construction of viaduct guideway and other associated works from 16 Sierrastation to Cyberjaya North station

Q3 2016

Construction of viaduct guideway and other associated works from Serdang Raya (South) station to UPM station

Q3 2016

Construction of elevated stations and other associated works at Kepong Sentral, Metro Prima, Kepong Baru and Jinjang stations

Q3 2016

Construction of elevated stations and other associated works at Damansara Damai, Sri Damansara West and Sri Damansara stations

Q3 2016

Construction of elevated stations and other associated works at Sri Delima, Kampung Batu and Kentonmen and Half Sunken Station Jalan Ipoh stations

Q4 2016

Construction of elevated stations and other associated works at Cyberjaya City Centre and Putrajaya Sentral stations

Q4 2016

Source: MRT Corp

 

Ridership

 

MRT Corp has estimated average daily ridership of around 400,000 passengers on Line MRT-1 and around 529,000 passengers on Line MRT-2.

 

Rolling stock and technology

 

Line MRT-1

 

In September 2012, a consortium of Siemens Malaysia Sdn Bhd, Siemens AG and Malaysia-based SMH Rail Sdn Bhd secured a EUR450-million contract to supply 58 driverless Inspiro metro trains for Line MRT-1 and equipment for two new MRT depots. The trains will be assembled in a new plant in Rasa, Hulu Selangor. 

 

In March 2014, Siemens delivered a full-size model of the driverless Inspiro metro train for Line MRT-1. As of November 2015, 19 trains had been delivered.

 

Table 5 provides rolling stock details.

 

Table 5: MRT-1 rolling stock details

Parameter

Description/value

Manufacturer

Siemens AG

Designer

BMW Designworks USA

Capacity

300 passengers/car (four cars for each train)

Maximum speed

100 km/hour

Average speed

70 km/hour

Service frequency

3.5 minutes in peak hours (~17 trains per hour)

Source: MRT Corp

 

In September 2012, Bombardier (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd secured the EUR71-million contract for engineering, procurement, construction, testing and commissioning of Cityflo 650 communications-based train control (CBTC) solution for driverless operation on Line MRT-1 (including 31 stations and onboard equipment for 58 trains plus a further 16 maintenance vehicles).   

 

Table 6 indcates the key railway system vendors for Line MRT-1.

 

Table 6: Key railway system vendors for Line MRT-1

Contractor

Scope of work

Meidensha Corporation

Engineering, procurement, construction, testing and commissioning of power supply and distribution system

Info-Matic Power Sdn Bhd

Supply, delivery and supervision of installation, testing and commissioning of power supply for all elevated stations.

PTIS Engineering Sdn Bhd

Supply, delivery and supervision of the installation, testing and commissioning of step down distribution transformer for all elevated packages, underground stations, Sungai Buloh depot and Kajang depot

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Limited

Engineering, procurement, construction, testing and commissioning of track works

Apex Communication Sdn Bhd - LG CNS Consortium

Engineering, procurement, construction, testing and commissioning of telecommunication system

Apex Communication Sdn Bhd - Johnson Controls (M) Sdn Bhd

Engineering, procurement, construction, testing and commissioning of electronic access control system 

Singapore Technologies Electronics Limited

Engineering, procurement, construction, testing and commissioning of platform screen doors and automatic platform gates

Otis Elevator Company (M) Sdn Bhd

Supply, installation, testing and commissioning of the elevator system for all elevated packages, Sungai Buloh depot and multi-storey car parks

MS Elevator (M) Sdn Bhd

Design, supply, installation, testing and commissioning of escalators and travelators for the elevated stations

EITA Elevator (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd

Supply, procurement, installation, testing and commissioning of escalators, lifts and travelators for all underground stations and ancillary building

Source: Global Mass Transit Research

 

 

Line MRT-2

 

In May 2016, the key contracts for Line MRT-2 were awarded as indicated in Table 7.

 

Table 7: Rolling stock and signalling contracts awarded for Line MRT-2

Category

Contractor

Contract value (MYR million)

Scope of work

Rolling stock

HAP consortium of South Korea-based Hyundai Rotem, POSCO Engineering and Apex Communications

1,620

Supply of 58 four-car driverless electric trainsets and depot equipment. The trains will operate at a maximum speed of 100 km/hr.

Signalling

Consortium of Bombardier and Global Rail

458

Supply of signalling and train control systems

Source: MRT Corp 

 

 

Fare system

 

France-based Affiliated Computer Services Solutions (ACS) France SAS secured the MYR120-million contract for engineering, procurement, construction, testing and commissioning of the automatic fare collection (AFC) system for Line MRT-1 in March 2013.

 

Bidding for supply of AFC system for Line MRT-2 is currently underway.

 

By 2017, the AFC system is planned to be integrated with LRT and monorail systems under a USD20-million contract awarded to Australian company Vix Technology in August 2015. The scope of work includes design, installation, operations and maintenance of a unified multi-modal ticketing system for the Greater Kuala Lumpur. The system will allow payments through contactless smartcards, bank cards (debit and credit cards) and near field communication (NFC)-enabled mobile phones.

 

Recent developments

 

 

(1 MYR [Malaysian Ringgit] = 0.25 USD; 1 EUR [Euro] = 1.1 USD)