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Project Update

Hanoi Light Metrorail Project, Vietnam [free access]

August 1, 2017

Developer: Vietnam Railways is developing light metro Lines 1, 2A, 4 and 5 and Hanoi Urban Railway Project Group is developing light metro Lines 2 and 3. Hanoi Metropolitan Rail Transport Project Board (MRB) is the key implementation agency for Line 3.


Project description: Development of new light metro lines in Hanoi, the capital of and the second largest city in Vietnam.


Background: The Hanoi Transport Plan 2030, developed in accordance with Vision 2050 (Master Plan), proposes eight metro lines of a total length of 301 km (to be extended to 328 km after the expansion of Line 3).


Currently, there are two lines (Lines 2A and 3) under construction. The network comprises the following lines:


Line 1 will span 38.7 km from Ngoc Hoi to Yen Vien-Nhu Quynh, covering 16 stations.


Line 2 will span 35.2 km along the route Noi Bai Airport-Nam Thang Long-Tran Hung Dao-Thuong Dinh-Hoang Quoc Viet, covering 10 stations. Line 2 Section 1 will span 11.5 km from Nam Thang Long to Tran Hung Dao. Construction is expected to begin in the third quarter of 2018 and be completed by 2024.


Line 2A will span 13.1 km from Cat Linh to Ha Dong, covering 12 stations and one depot.


Line 3 will span 21 km along the route Nhon-Hanoi-Hoang Mai railway station, covering 12 stations. It is planned to be extended to Son Tay, reaching a total length of 48 km by 2020.


Line 4 will span 53.1 km along the circular route Dong Anh-Sai Dong-Vinh Tuy/Hoang Mai - Thanh Xuan-Tu Liem-Thuong Cat-Me Linh. It will cover 43 stations and provide an interchange facility with Line 1, 2, 3 and 5.


Line 5 will span 34.5 km along the route Nam Ho Tay-Ngoc Khanh-Lang-Hoa Lac.


Line 6 will span 43 km from Noi Bai to the new urban area in the West of Ngoc Hoi. The line will have an interchange with Line 4 at Co Nhue and Line 7 at Duong Noi.


Line 7 will span 35 km along the route Me Linh-New Urban West of Nhon-Van Canh-Duong Noi. The line will have an interchange with Line 4 at Dai Bach and Tay Tuu sections and Line 6 at the Duong Noi section.


Line 8 will span 28 km along the route Co Nhue-Linh Nam-Bat Trang-Duong Xa.


Funding: The funding details for Line 1, Line 2, Line 2A and Line 3 are as follows.


Line 1 will be funded by the Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA) (USD58.57 million) and the Vietnamese Government (USD10.02 million).


Line 2: Line 2 Section 1 will be developed at an investment of USD854.34 million and be funded by a 10-year USD133.3-million loan from JICA. The loan includes USD105 million for construction and USD20.18 million for consultancy services.


Line 2A: People’s Republic of China and Vietnam Railways are funding the line.


Line 3: The Government of Vietnam, Asian Development Bank (ADB), Agence Française de Développement (AFD), and the European Investment Bank (EIB) are funding the project. In December 2014, France’s Emerging Markets Reserve (RPE) provided EUR85 million for Line 3. This is in addition to the funds provided by AFD. In March 2015, ADB granted a loan of USD4.2 million. This is in addition to the USD49 million being provided by ADB’s Clean Technology Fund.


Ridership: Line 3 is expected to have a daily ridership of 150,000 passengers.


Rolling stock: The rolling stock details for a few lines are given below:


Line 2: 10 trains will be deployed.


Line 2A:  In March 2017, China Railway Rolling Stock Corporation Limited (CRRC) delivered the first four-car train set and will supply the remaining 12 four-car train sets in three batches. Trains will operate at an average speed of 35 km/hr and a maximum speed of 80 km/hr.


Line 3: It will deploy four-car trains. The cars will be about 19 metres long, 2.6 metres wide and 3.8 metres high. The maximum speed of the trains will be 80 km/hr and each train will have capacity to accommodate over 900 passengers. In January 2017, a consortium of Alstom, Colas Rail and Thales secured the EUR265-million contract to design, supply and install 10 Metropolis train sets and an equipment depot as well as signalling and technology. 


Power and Technology: Power will be sourced from third rail (750 V DC).  For light metro Line 3, 10 electricity transformer stations will be installed with a total capacity of 2,500 kW. The consortium of Alstom, Colas and Thales will provide the operations control system (OCC), supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system including building management system for the stations, Urbalis 400 communication-based train control (CBTC) signalling system, a communications system, electricity (22 kV medium-voltage) and traction power supply for Line 3.


Track: Tracks will be standard gauge (1,435 mm).


Fare system: The system will deploy an automated fare collection (AFC) system based on contactless smart cards.


Recent developments: