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United States: Fuel-cell electric bus projects [free access]

April 1, 2018

A total of 39 fuel-cell electric bus projects were launched in the United States (US), of which 11 are currently active and 10 are under planning stage. The projects are being developed under various programmes including Transit Investments for Greenhouse Gas and Energy Reduction (TIGGER), National Fuel Cell Bus Program (NFCBP) and Low or No Emission Vehicle Deployment Program  (Low-No). The following table provides details of the various FCEB projects in the US.

 

Table: FCEB projects in the United States (as of November 2017)


Project, City

No. of buses

Project Status

Fuel

Bus System Type

Fuel cell manufacturer

Station type

AC Transit  ZEBA Demo (in partnership with other Bay Area Transit Agencies), UTC Power/US Hybrid*, Van Hool,  Oakland

13

Active

Hydrogen

Hybrid

UTC Power/US Hybrid*

Liquid hydrogen delivery and storage with electrolyser

AFCB – SunLine, BAE, ElDorado, Ballard (two funded through TIGGER),  Thousand Palms

3

Active

Hydrogen

Hybrid

Ballard

HyRadix natural gas reformer

AFCB Flint Mass Transportation Authority – BAE Systems/Ballard/ElDorado (TIGGER), Flint

1

Active

Hydrogen

Hybrid

Ballard

Electrolyser

AFCB Massachusetts, Nuvera/MBTA (FTA-NAVC),  Boston

1

Active

Hydrogen

Hybrid

Ballard

Nuvera Power Tap

AFCB Orange County Transit Authority – BAE Systems/Ballard/ElDorado (NFCBP-CTE),  Orange County

1

Active

Hydrogen

Hybrid

Ballard

Liquid hydrogen delivery and storage

AFCB SARTA – BAE Systems/Ballard/ElDorado (Low-No),  Canton

10

Active

Hydrogen

Hybrid

Ballard

Liquid hydrogen delivery and storage

AFCB SARTA – BAE Systems/Ballard/ElDorado (NFCBP-CALSTART),  Columbus, Canton

2

Active

Hydrogen

Hybrid

Ballard

Liquid hydrogen delivery and storage

AFCB UCI– BAE Systems/Ballard/
ElDorado,  Irvine

1

Active

Hydrogen

Hybrid

Ballard

Liquid hydrogen delivery and storage

American FCB Program (AFCB prototype) – SunLine, BAE, ElDorado, Ballard  (FTA-CALSTART),  Thousand Palms

1

Active

Hydrogen

Hybrid

Ballard

HyRadix natural gas reformer

University of Delaware – Phase 1 (Ebus, 22-foot), Newark

1

Active

Hydrogen

Battery-dominant, plug-in, hybrid FCEB

Ballard

Liquid hydrogen delivery and storage

University of Delaware – Phase 2 (Ebus, 22-foot),  Newark

1

Active

Hydrogen

Battery-dominant, plug-in, hybrid FCEB

Ballard

Liquid hydrogen delivery and storage

Nutmeg FCB Demonstration – Van Hool (FTA-NAVC), Flint

1

Out of Service

Hydrogen

Hybrid

UTC Power

Electrolyser

SunLine Advanced Technology FCB (New Flyer, Ballard),  Thousand Palms

1

Out of Service

Hydrogen

Hybrid

Ballard

HyRadix natural gas reformer

Advanced Fuel Cell Electric Bus (60-ft articulated) – New Flyer/Siemens (NFCBP-CALSTART), Oakland

1

Planning

Hydrogen

Hybrid

Ballard

Liquid hydrogen delivery and storage with electrolyser

AFCB – SunLine, BAE, ElDorado, Ballard (Low-No),  Thousand Palms

5

Planning

Hydrogen

Hybrid

Ballard

HyRadix natural gas reformer

Champaign-Urbana Mass Transit District (New Flyer 60-ft) (Low-No),  Champaign-Urbana

2

Planning

Hydrogen

Battery-dominant hybrid

 -

 -

County of Hawai'i Mass Transit Agency (Hele-On Bus) Big Island FCEB Project – US Hybrid (25-passenger Shuttle Bus), Hilo

2

Planning

Hydrogen

Battery-dominant, plug-in, hybrid FCEB

US Hybrid

 -

Fuel Cell Electric Bus Commercialization Consortium – CTE, AC Transit, OCTA: New Flyer/Ballard (CARB),  Oakland and Santa Ana

20

Planning

Hydrogen

Hybrid

Ballard

Liquid hydrogen delivery and storage with electrolyser

SunLine Battery Dominant AFCB – BAE Systems/ElDorado (NFCBP-CALSTART),  Thousand Palms

1

Planning

Hydrogen

Battery-dominant, hybrid FCEB

US Hybrid

HyRadix natural gas reformer

SunLine FCEB – New Flyer/Hydrogenics (CEC Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program),  Thousand Palms

1

Planning

Hydrogen

Hybrid

Hydrogenics

HyRadix natural gas reformer

SunLine Fuel Cell Bus and Onsite Hydrogen Generation Project – New Flyer/Ballard (CARB),  Thousand Palms

5

Planning

Hydrogen

Hybrid

Ballard

Adds a Hydrogenics electrolyser to existing station

University of Delaware – Phase 3 (30-foot),  Newark

1

Planning

Hydrogen

Hybrid

Ballard

Liquid hydrogen delivery and storage

University of Delaware – Phase 4 (30-foot),  Newark

1

Planning

Hydrogen

Hybrid

Ballard

Liquid hydrogen delivery and storage

Advanced Composite 35-ft FCB Demo – Proterra/Hydrogenics (NFCBP-CTE), Flint

1

Project Complete

Hydrogen

Battery-dominant, plug-in, hybrid FCEB

Hydrogenics

Electrolyser

Birmingham FCB Demo – Embedded Power/Ballard (NFCBP-CTE),  Birmingham

1

Project Complete

Hydrogen

Battery-dominant, plug-in, hybrid FCEB

Ballard

Liquid hydrogen delivery and storage

City of Burbank FCB Demo (Proterra),  Burbank

1

Project Complete

Hydrogen

Battery-dominant, plug-in, hybrid FCEB

Hydrogenics

Liquid hydrogen delivery and storage

Compound FC Hybrid Bus for 2010 – BAE, Hydrogenics, Orion (FTA-CALSTART),  San Francisco

1

Project Complete

Diesel/    Hydrogen

Diesel hybrid with fuel cell APU

Hydrogenics

 -

HyRide – Greater New Haven Transit District (Ebus, Ballard),  New Haven

1

Project Complete

Hydrogen

Plug-in hybrid

Ballard

Electrolyser

Lightweight FC Hybrid Bus – GE, A123Systems (FTA-NAVC),  Niskayuna

1

Project Complete

Hydrogen

Battery-battery fuel cell hybrid

Ballard

Liquid hydrogen delivery and storage

Next-Generation Compound Bus – BAE Systems (NFCBP-CALSTART),  San Francisco

1

Project Complete

Diesel/    Hydrogen

Diesel hybrid with fuel cell APU

Hydrogenics

-

Nutmeg FCB Demonstration – UTC Power, Van Hool (FTA-NAVC),  Hartford

2

Project Complete

Hydrogen

Hybrid

UTC Power

Station decommissioned

AC Transit HyRoad  (ISE/UTC Power/Van Hool),  Oakland

3

Retired

Hydrogen

Hybrid

UTC Power

Station decommissioned

Connecticut Transit (CTTRANSIT) FCB Demo (ISE/UTC Power/Van Hool),  Hartford

1

Retired

Hydrogen

Hybrid

UTC Power

Station decommissioned

Dual Variable Output FCB – Proterra/Hydrogenics (FTA-CTE),  Columbia, Austin     (1 year each)

1

Retired

Hydrogen

Battery-dominant hybrid

Hydrogenics

GTI natural gas reformer with tube trailer backup

Ft. Lewis Army Base –Proterra/Hydrogenics,  Tacoma

1

Retired

Hydrogen

Battery-dominant, plug-in, hybrid FCEB

Hydrogenics

Reformed digester gas

Santa Clara VTA FCB Demo,  San Jose

3

Retired

Hydrogen

Non-hybrid

Ballard

Liquid hydrogen delivery and storage, decommissioned

SunLine FCB Demo,  Thousand Palms

1

Retired

Hydrogen

Hybrid

UTC Power

HyRadix natural gas reformer

University of Texas (Ebus), Austin

1

Retired

Hydrogen

Battery-dominant, plug-in, hybrid FCEB

Ballard

GTI natural gas reformer with tube trailer backup

US Air Force/Enova/Hydrogenics,  Honolulu  

1

Retired

Hydrogen

Battery-dominant, plug-in, hybrid FCEB

Hydrogenics

Electrolyser

Note: AC Transit – Alameda-Contra Costa Transit, ZEBA – Zero Emission Bay Area, AFCB – American Fuel Cell Bus , *PC40 fuel cell system was originally designed and built by UTC Power. In 2013 US Hybrid took over support for the PC40 system, TIGGER – Transit Investments for Greenhouse Gas and Energy Reduction , MBTA – Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, FTA – Federal Transit Administration, NAVC –Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium, NFCBP – National Fuel Cell Bus Program, SARTA – Stark Area Regional Transit Authority, Low-No – Low or No Emission Vehicle Deployment Program  OSU –Ohio State University, UCI – University of California at Irvine, FCEB – fuel-cell electric bus, Santa Clara VTA – Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority, GTI– Gas Technology Institute, Source: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)