Subscriber Login


Capital projects of TfNSW: Opportunities in New South Wales [free access]

May 1, 2017

Transport for New South Wales (TfNSW) directly manages train, bus, ferry and light-rail services in New South Wales, Australia. It functions under the supervision of the New South Wales Department of Transport. In 2012, TfNSW announced plans to invest AUD260 billion by 2031 for maintenance, operations, expansion and modernisation of transport infrastructure.


The following are the key transport projects being undertaken by TfNSW across different urban transport modes – bus, light rail, metro and suburban rail. Table 1 provides a summary table of the upcoming projects.


Table 1: Key capital projects of TfNSW


Length (km)


Expected completion

Bus route under construction

Northern Beaches B-Line Program




LRT under construction

New Castle LRT 




Parramatta LRT 




Sydney LRT  








Metro lines under construction

Sydney Metro Northwest/NWRL (Phase I)  




Sydney Metro City and Southwest (Phase II)

Chatswood to Sydenham




Sydenham to Bankstown (upgrade)








Source: Global Mass Transit Research




Sydney’s Bus Future and Bus Priority Infrastructure Program: In 2013, the Government of NSW launched the Bus Future project to redesign and integrate the bus network in Sydney. It is a long-term plan that identifies 13 rapid routes and 20 suburban routes to be developed or redesigned. 


Service frequency will be 10 minutes on rapid routes and 10-15 minutes on suburban routes.


The Bus Priority Infrastructure Programme supports the Bus Future project in the short term by providing measures such as red bus lanes, bus priority at traffic lights, changed parking restrictions, clearways and relocated bus stops.


Over the next 10 years, TfNSW and Roads and Maritime Services have planned to invest in the following corridors:



Northern Beaches B-Line: The line will span from Mona Vale to the Sydney CBD, covering 10 stations. The stations include Mona Vale, Warriewood, Narrabeen, Collaroy, Dee Why, Brookvale, Manly Vale, Spit Junction, Neutral Bay and Sydney CBD. It requires an investment of AUD512 million.


The Government of NSW has awarded an AUD24-million contract to procure a fleet of 38 double-decker buses in October 2016. Fulton Hogan Construction secured a contract to deliver new commuter car parks, bus stops and road improvements in November 2016.


Buses are expected to be delivered in mid-2017. Commercial services are scheduled to begin by end-2017.


The service frequency will be five minutes during peak hours and 10 minutes during off-peak hours. 


Light Rail


Newcastle Light Rail: The line will span 2.7 km from the new transport interchange at Wickham to Pacific Park, covering six stations. It is expected to cost AUD510 million and will commence service in 2019.


Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles (CAF) will supply six Urbos light-rail vehicles (LRVs) by 2018. The LRVs are 100-per-cent low-floor and operate at a maximum speed of 80 km/hr. Each LRV will be equipped with radio, an event recorder, closed-circuit television (CCTV), a fire detection system, audio and visual information system for passengers, station announcer as well as a train control and diagnostics system. Delivery is scheduled to be completed by 2018.


The light rail will be the first in Australia to operate without catenary. Table 2 lists the consultants for the project.


Table 2: Key consultants

Consulting Company


Downer EDI Limited

Managing contractor

Scott Lister

System engineering process

SMEC Holdings Limited

Independent Certifier (IC)

GHD and RPS Manidis Roberts

Environmental studies


Technical advisor

Cox Architecture

Urban design

Source: Global Mass Transit Research


Table 3 provide details of the recent key contracts awarded for the Newcastle light-rail project.


Table 3: Key contracts for Newcastle LRT

Contractor/ company

Date of contract award

Scope of work

Keolis Downer

December 2016

An AUD450- million contract to operate and maintain public transport in Newcastle, including the upcoming Newcastle Light Rail, for 10 years from July 2017.

Downer EDI 

August 2016

Design, construction and commissioning of the LRT tracks and stations as well as a stabling and maintenance facility; providing road works and associated precinct works.


June 2016

Supply of six Urbos trams

Note: *Contract value for the whole public transport system of NSW

Source: Global Mass Transit Research


Parramatta LRT: The LRT system will be developed in two phases and is expected to cost AUD3.5 billion. By end-2017, TfNSW will commence procurement of the operator. 

Phase I will span 12 km from Westmead to Carlingford, covering 16 stations. The service frequency will be 7.5 minutes and ridership is expected to be up to 10,000 passengers per hour. Construction is expected to commence in 2018 and be completed by 2023.


Phase II will span from Camellia to Strathfield through Sydney Olympic Park. It is being developed in collaboration with Sydney Metro West. The planning works are expected to be finalised by end -2017.


Table 4 lists the key consultants for the project.


Table 4: Key consultants for Parramatta LRT Phase II



Arup Group 

Infrastructure technical adviser

GTA Consultants

Integrated transport planning


Geotechnical, contamination and utility investigations

SLR Consulting

Noise and vibration technical advisor

TSA Management

Project management and procurement management

Taylor Street Advisory, Hill Thalis Architects and Deloitte

Route advisor


Land use planning

Source: Global Mass Transit Research


Sydney CBD and South East Light Rail (CSELR): The line will span 12 km and cover 19 stations. It will start at Circular Quay and run via Central to the Moore Park sporting and entertainment precinct, where it will split into two branches serving Kingsford and the Prince of Wales Hospital at Randwick.


The system is expected to have ridership of 13,500 passengers per hour in both directions. It is scheduled to be completed by 2019. The project cost is estimated to be AUD2.1 billion.


In December 2014, the ALTRAC Light Rail consortium secured the design, construction, operations and maintenance contract for the line. The consortium comprises Transdev, Alstom Transport Australia and Capella Capital.  The operating contract commenced on July 1, 2015, and runs until 2034.


Laing O’Rourke secured the contract to carry out preparatory works, including relocating buried utilities such as water, telecommunications, gas and electricity cables and pipes as well as initial work around Moore Park.        




Sydney Metro


The system involves development of a 66-km network, covering 31 stations. It will be developed in two phases:


Sydney Metro Northwest/NWRL (Phase I) - The line will span 36 km and cover 13 stations (eight new, five upgraded). It is expected to be completed by 2019 at a cost of AUD8.3 billion.


Alstom is supplying 22 six-car Metropolis train sets and the communications-based train control (CBTC) signalling system. Faiveley Transport will design, engineer and manufacture the braking systems.


Table 5 lists the key contractors for the project.


Table 5: Key contractors

Contractor/ company

Date of contract award

Contract value (AUD million)

Scope of work

Northwest Rapid Transit

September 2014


Construction of eight new stations, 4,000 commuter car parking spaces, metro trains and upgrading the railway between Chatswood and Epping.

JV of Impregilo-Salini

December 2013


Construction of 4-km long elevated Skytrain between Bella Vista and Rouse Hill, including a 270-metre cable-stayed bridge over Windsor Road at Rouse Hill.

CPB John Holland Dragados (CPBJHD)

June 2013


Construction of 15-km long twin tunnels between Bella Vista and Epping.

Source: Transport for NSW, Global Mass Transit Research


Sydney Metro City and Southwest (Phase II) -The line will span 29.5 km and cover 18 stations. The project involves the development of a 16-km new metro line from Chatswood to Sydenham, covering seven stations; and upgrade of the 13.5-km Bankstown Line from Sydenham to Bankstown, covering 11 stations.


The Government of NSW has invited two consortia to bid for the Sydney Metro City & Southwest Tunnel and Station Excavation. One consortium is a joint venture (JV) of European companies – Ferrovial, Acciona and BAM (Royal BAM Group)  and the other is a JV of Australian companies John Holland and CPB (formerly Leighton Contractors), and Italy-based Ghella. The contract is to be awarded in mid-2017 and construction is scheduled to begin in 2018.


Phase II is expected to cost between AUD11.5 billion to AUD12.5 billion and enter revenue service by 2024.


Sydney Metro West It involves the development of a new underground metro line, linking the CBDs of Parramatta and Sydney. The line will be able to carry 40,000 passengers per hour per direction (pphpd). The system is expected to become operational in the second half of the 2020s.


Suburban Rail


South West Rail Link Extension Corridor


The proposed corridor will connect Leppington to Bringelly and then head in two directions: north to the T1 Western Line near St Mary’s and south to the T2 South Line near Macarthur. It will provide interchanges with the Western Sydney Airport, the T1 Western Line as well as the T2 Inner West and South Line. The federal and state governments are currently studying the project.


Rolling stock, signalling and power systems projects


More Trains, More Services Program: The Government of NSW plans to invest more than AUD1.5 billion over the next three years to deliver the following:



TfNSW has awarded Downer EDI an AUD1.7-billion Sydney Growth Trains contract to supply and maintain 24 eight-car Waratah double-decker suburban electric multiple units (EMUs). China Railway Rolling Stock Corporation Limited (CRRC) Changchun Railway Vehicles is manufacturing the vehicles in China under a sub-contract arrangement.


Downer will maintain the fleet for 25 years, which includes two optional five-year extensions. The vehicles will be deployed on the network from late-2018 onwards.


To accommodate the Waratah trains, the existing maintenance facility at Mortdale is also being modified.


New Intercity Fleet: The TfNSW plans to replace NSW TrainLink's intercity EMUs at an investment of AUD3.93 billion. The new trains will operate connect Sydney to Newcastle, the Central Coast, South Coast and the Blue Mountains.


In August 2016, RailConnect secured an AUD2.8-billion contract from TfNSW to supply and maintain more than 500 EMUs. RailConnect is a JV of Hyundai Rotem Company, Mitsubishi Electric Australia and UGL Rail. The first train is scheduled to be delivered in 2019.


Regional Fleet Replacement: The project focuses on the replacement of NSW TrainLink’s current diesel Express Passenger Train (XPT) fleet. It is scheduled to begin in the first half of 2017 (two years earlier than planned). The government has announced plans to invest AUD50 million over the next three years.


XPT’s current fleet comprises 19 power cars and 60 intermediate trailers. The average age of the fleet is 35 years.


TfNSW plans to procure between 60 and 110 new cars. Bids are scheduled to be invited in the last quarter of 2017 and the contract is expected to be awarded in 2019.


Digital Train Radio System Upgrade: The project involves the replacement of the existing analogue train radio system with a Digital Train Radio System (DTRS) on the 1,455-km long electrified NSW Trains and Sydney Trains rail network, which is bounded by Kiama, Macarthur, Lithgow, Bondi Junction and Wickham. The project is scheduled to be completed by 2017.


Power Supply System Upgrade: It will support power requirements for Sydney’s future rail network and the new fleet of air-conditioned trains (procured under More Trains, More Services). It involves the construction of new electrical infrastructure and upgrades to existing substations, section huts, overhead wiring and feeders across the network.


Currently, new substations are being constructed at Chalmers Street, Gosford South, Granville Junction, Guildford, Ingleburn, Lee Street and Minto. In addition, work to upgrade the signalling and power supply systems (including electrical infrastructure) is being carried out along the T1 Northern Line between Strathfield and Hornsby.


Yennora Rail Access Signalling: The project involves upgrading the rail signalling systems in Yennora to improve network reliability for passenger services on the Old Main Line. The contractor, RCR Infrastructure, commenced the works on February 14, 2017. The project is scheduled to be completed by end-2017.


Station upgradation


Broadmeadow station upgrade


The project includes:



Abergeldie has secured the contract to carry out the upgrades. Construction commenced in February 8, 2016.


Wynyard Station Upgrade


The project involves an investment of AUD100 million to upgrade the Wynyard station in Sydney CBD. The station provides connectivity with Sydney Train and NSW Train network. The scope of work includes improvements to the concourse and platforms, development of a wider ticket gate area, and refurbishment of the station. A new commercial and retail precinct will also be built, including a 27-storey office tower.


The first stage of construction began in April 2015 and was completed in September 2016. The second stage of construction began in late 2016 and is expected to be completed by late 2017.


After the redevelopment, the station is expected to serve 100,000 commuters per day.




Wickham Transport Interchange


The project is a part of the Newcastle Urban Renewal and Transport Programme. It aims to construct a fully-accessible transport interchange at Wickham, which will connect with trains, light rail, buses, taxis and cars.


Laing O’Rourke secured a contract to design and build the interchange in December 2014.




TfNSW has initiated various projects to improve the public transport infrastructure and services to meet expected future mobility demand. The projects present many business opportunities for the private sector and improved transport facilities for residents and visitors.


(1 AUD [Australian Dollar] = 0.75 USD)