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Mumbai‚ÄďAhmedabad high-speed rail (HSR), India [free access]

December 1, 2019

Key players: National High-Speed Rail Corporation Limited (NHSRCL) will finance, construct, maintain, and manage the high-speed rail (HSR) system. It is a special purpose vehicle (SPV) of the Central Government (Ministry of Railways) and the state governments of Gujarat and Maharashtra.


Project description: Development of an HSR corridor between Mumbai and Ahmedabad.


Background: In October 2013, a memorandum of understanding (MoU) was signed between the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the Ministry of Railways for conducting a joint feasibility study for the Mumbai–Ahmedabad HSR. The HSR will span 508.1 km, cover 12 stations, and connect Maharashtra, Gujarat, and the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Around 482 km of the track will be elevated and only the Bandra Kurla Complex station will be built underground. The project also comprises construction of an undersea tunnel where the HSR will pass through the Thane Creek in Mumbai.


The end-to-end journey time for the limited-stop service will be around two hours, while that for all-stops service will be round three hours. The project is planned to be executed through 26 contract packages. Passenger operations are expected to commence in 2023.


Mapage Infrastructure Private Limited was awarded a contract to conduct a pre-construction building and structure condition survey for the construction of the viaduct and stations in Navsari, Surat, Bharuch, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Valsad District.


Rolling stock: The trains will initially have 10 coaches with a seating capacity of 750 passengers. The number will later be increased to 16 coaches with a seating capacity of 1,250 passengers. The trains will operate at a maximum speed of 320 km/hr.


Ridership: Initially, the HSR is expected to have an average daily ridership of 17,900 passengers in each direction. The daily ridership is expected to increase to 92,900 passengers by 2053.


Project cost: The total cost of the project is estimated to be around INR1.08 trillion. JICA is funding around 85 per cent of this cost as a loan at an interest rate of 0.1 per cent and a repayment period of 50 years. The remaining cost will be borne by the state governments of Maharashtra and Gujarat.


Funding: In September 2017, JICA signed an agreement with the Government of India to provide Official Development Assistance (ODA) of around INR6.4 billion for the development of a training institute at Vadodara, Gujarat for the HSR.


In September 2018, JICA signed an ODA agreement of around INR55 billion as Tranche 1 of the ‘Project for the Construction of the Mumbai–Ahmedabad High-Speed Rail (MAHSR)’. In October 2018, it signed another agreement to provide an ODA loan of around INR96 billion as Tranche 2 of that project.


Recent developments:





(1 INR [Indian Rupee] = 0.01 USD)