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Project Update

Krakow Tramway Project, Poland [free access]

January 1, 2021

Developer: The Kraków City government is the developer of the tram network and Miejskie Przedsiebiorstwo Komunikacyjne (MPK) Kraków is the operator.


Project description: Expansion of the tram network in Kraków.


Background: The Kraków tramway commenced service in 1882. It currently includes 22 regular lines spanning 97 km.


Expansion plans


Meissnera to Mistrzejowice extension: The project includes the construction of a 4.5-km double-track tram route from Meissnera to the existing tramway node of Mistrzejowice, covering 10 stops. It will include a 940-metre tunnel under the Polsad roundabout with an underground stop. The line is expected to commence passenger services in 2024.


In August 2020, the European Investment Bank (EIB) approved a PLN150 million loan for the project.


In December 2020, a consortium of PPP Solutions Polska and Gülermak Ağır Sanayi İnşaat ve Taahhüt secured the public–private partnership (PPP) contract to design–build–finance–maintain (DBFM) the extension. The contract will be signed for a period of 24 years, with 1.5 years for the design, two years for the construction works, and 20 years for the maintenance of infrastructure. The contract will end in 2044.


This is one of the projects from different sectors across Poland that the Government of Poland is using to pilot PPP schemes in the country. It will provide experience for other cities considering the adoption of similar financing models.


Pokoju and Jana Pawła II extension: The route will connect Pokoju and Jana Pawła II. It will be an extension of the Meissnera–Mistrzejowice tram route. The route is expected to be almost 1 km long. It is currently in the preliminary planning phase. The studies for the route are expected to be completed in 2022.


Multiple routes: In 2020, the city government commenced the process of preparing the concepts for additional extensions to the existing tram network in the city. The concepts are expected to be prepared by November 2021.


The routes under study include the extension of the tram from Domagały Street to Śliwiaka Street, the construction of a new tram line from Śliwiaka Street to the Złocień estate, and the construction of a tram loop at the S7 expressway. In June 2020, a tender was launched for the preparation of multivariant concepts for the aforementioned routes. The last date for submission of bids was July 16, 2020. Eight companies have submitted bids for the tender. The winner of the contract has not been announced yet.


The selection of the contractor will be determined by the price (55 per cent) and by additional experience of the persons involved in the contract (45 per cent). The selected contractor will have to submit a variant concept and concept study, along with conducting public consultations by February 26, 2021. The contractor has to prepare traffic forecasts, undertake motion analyses, perform identification of soil and water conditions, deal with conflict resolution, and develop cost estimates. The contractor will also have to obtain an environmental review of the concepts by mid-November 2021.


Rolling stock: The system is operated with a fleet of low-floor trams supplied by Solaris, Stadler, Pesa, Newag, Bombardier, BRP-Rotax GmbH & Co. KG, and Konstal.


In March 2020, MPK Kraków awarded a contract to Stadler for the delivery of up to 60 articulated trams. The three-section vehicles will have bogies with engine and transmission inside the frame, rotatable trolleys with a pivot point, and a rocket bar.


The delivery of the vehicles will be implemented in parts. The first implementation contract includes the delivery of 10 vehicles. The first tram under the first implementation contract will be delivered within 21 months of the conclusion of the framework contract and the next vehicle will arrive in the following three months. All vehicles are expected to be delivered by November 2022. The deadline for the delivery of the first tram under subsequent implementation contracts is 14–21 months. The entire contract will be completed by the end of 2025.


Tracks and power: Tracks are standard gauge (1,435 mm).


Fare system: The Krakow City Card, a contactless smartcard, is used for fare collection. Passengers need to tap their cards at the fare collection machines installed in the trams to pay the fare.


Recent developments:


(1 PLN [Polish Zloty] = 0.27 USD)